Alec Sarner

All League Offensive Lineman – Center

The Impact Of Protecting Eu Geographical Indications In Trade Agreements

The 1994 WTO Agreement on Intellectual Property contains a section on geographical indications. It improves its protection and extends it to more countries than previous international agreements. The EU is one of the main proponents of the negotiations on geographical indications in the Doha Development Agenda of the WTO. The second part gives examples of the difficulties faced by EU producers in protecting their GI names outside the EU. It also contains recommendations and proposals for producers to protect their names outside the EU. The EU negotiates the protection of geographical data under two separate agreements: specific “autonomous” agreements and wider trade agreements. The negotiations include the creation of an international register of geographical indications and the extension of the protection currently afforded to wines and spirits to all products. Summary: In order to protect regional foodstuffs distinctively, the European Union (EU) has a legal system comprising 1,000 GIs for foodstuffs such as Parma ham and Gouda Holland. Based on Eurostat Comext 2004-2018 export data for CN8-level cheeses, this document verifies whether the previous protection of GIs by 11 free trade agreements (FTA) has increased trade with you. The answer is important for trade policy, as the protection of at least a few PGIs has been a red line in EU trade negotiations. The analysis is defined in a standard gravity model framework using a pseudo-Fish maximum probability (PPML) approach to take into account the problem of zero trading flows.

We find that the legal protection of GPs in free trade agreements does not significantly increase trade with them. Our main political implication is that the EU should focus on the external promotion of its PGI rather than asking trading partners for greater legal protection. Part 1 outlines the rules of international treaties, in particular the TRIPS agreement (aspects of intellectual property rights that affect trade). It also examines the role of EU bilateral agreements. Two civil dialogue groups advise the EU Department of Agriculture on geographical indications in international trade: while there has long been a system using geographical indications to protect many types of food, there is currently no system for protecting geographical indications for non-agricultural products throughout the EU.

April 13, 2021 - Posted by | Uncategorized